Rome is the capital city of Italy and furthermore fills in as the capital of the Lazio district. It is additionally the nation's most populated commune. It is the fourth-most crowded city in the European Union. Rome is situated in the focal western segment of the Italian Peninsula, inside Lazio, along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an autonomous nation inside the city limits of Rome, the main existing case of a nation inside a city.
Rome has the status of a worldwide city. In 2016, Rome positioned as the fourteenth most-visited city on the planet, third most visited in the European Union and the most famous vacation spot in Italy. Its noteworthy focus is recorded by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Landmarks and historical centers, for example, the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are among the world's most visited visitor goals. Rome city additionally facilitated the 1960 Summer Olympics. Rome is the seat of a few specific offices of the United Nations, for example, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Program (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
As indicated by the GaWC investigation of world urban areas, Rome is a beta + city, positioning beneath Milan. In the event that Rome was a nation, it would be the world's 52nd most extravagant nation by GDP, close to the size to that of Egypt. On a worldwide level, Rome's laborers get the 30th most noteworthy wages in 2009, coming three spots higher than in 2008, in which the city positioned 33rd. Its business region, called EUR, is the base of numerous organizations engaged with the oil business, the pharmaceutical business, and monetary administrations. Rome is additionally an imperative mold and configuration focus on account of famous worldwide brands focused in the city. Rome's Cinecittà Studios have been the arrangement of numerous Academy Award-winning films. Rome has a Mediterranean atmosphere with cool, moist winters and warm, dry summers. Its normal yearly temperature is over 20 °C amid the day and 10 °C during the evening. December, January, and February are the coldest months, with an everyday mean temperature of 8 °C (46 °F). Snowfall is uncommon however not incomprehensible, with light snow or whirlwinds happening relatively every winter, for the most part without collection, and significant snowfalls roughly once at regular intervals. Ocean temperatures shift from a low of 13 °C in February and March to a high of 24 °C in August.
As the capital of Italy, Rome has all the vital organizations of the country, including the Presidency of the Republic, the legislature (and its single Ministeri), the Parliament, the fundamental legal Courts, and the political agents of the considerable number of nations for the conditions of Italy and Vatican City. Numerous global foundations are situated in Rome, remarkably social and logical ones, for example, the American Institute, the British School, the French Academy, the Scandinavian Institutes, and the German Archeological Institute.
In spite of the fact that the economy of Rome is described by the nonappearance of substantial industry and it is generally ruled by IT-services, high-innovation organizations in aviation, safeguard and media communications. Research, development and business exercises (particularly banking), and the colossal improvement of tourism are exceptionally powerful and critical to its economy.
Rome today is a standout amongst the most vital visitor goals of the world, because of the endless massiveness of its archeological and aesthetic fortunes, and in addition for the appeal of its one of a kind conventions, the magnificence of its all-encompassing perspectives, and the loftiness of its sublime "estates" (parks). Among the most huge assets are the numerous galleries – Musei Capitolini, the Vatican Museums and the Galleria Borghese Rome is a noteworthy archeological center, and one of the world's primary focuses of archeological research. Rome contains various antiquated destinations, including the Forum Romanum, Trajan's Market, Trajan's Forum, the Colosseum, and the Pantheon, to give some examples. The Colosseum, seemingly one of Rome's most famous archeological locales, is viewed as a wonder of the world.